Phytothérapie

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 160–164 | Cite as

Étude de six huiles essentielles : composition chimique et activité antibactérienne

  • J. Kaloustian
  • J. Chevalier
  • C. Mikail
  • M. Martino
  • L. Abou
  • M. -F. Vergnes
Article Original Pharmacognosie

Résumé

Les huiles essentielles sont utilisées en médecine traditionnelle pour leurs activités antiseptiques. Au cours de travaux précédents, le genre Thymus avait montré de bons résultats comme antifongique. L’étude a été poursuivie sur l’activité antibactérienne. Six huiles essentielles (Lavandula angustifolia, Lavandula latifolia, Origanum vulgare, Rosmarinus officinalis, Thymus vulgaris chémotype carvacrol, Thymus zygis chémotype thymol) ont été testées sur deux souches: Escherichia coli et Staphylococcus aureus. Pour la souche Escherichia coli, les huiles essentielles d’origan et de thym à thymol sont les plus efficaces.

Pour la souche Staphylococcus aureus, on note une moindre efficacité; l’huile essentielle d’origan est la plus active. Ce sont les phénols présents dans les huiles essentielles qui présentent une bonne activité antibactérienne.

Mots clés

CPG-SM Origan Thym Escherichia coli Staphylococcus aureus 

Study of six essential oils: chemical composition and antibacterial activity

Abstract

Essential oils are used in traditional medicine for their antiseptic action. During previous studies, the Thymus genus had shown good results as an antifungal. Research continued into its antibacterial activity. Six essential oils (Lavandula angustifolia, Lavandula latifolia, Origanum vulgare, Rosmarinus officinalis, Thymus vulgaris chemotype carvacrol, Thymus zygis chemotype thymol) were tested on two strains: Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Essential oils of oregano and thyme with thymol were most effective with respect to the strain Escherichia coli. For the strain Staphylococcus aureus we observed little effect: essential oil of oregano was the more active. Phenols present in essential oils have a good antibacterial activity.

Keywords

GC-MS Oregano Thyme Escherichia coli Staphylococcus aureus 

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Copyright information

© Springer Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Kaloustian
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • J. Chevalier
    • 4
  • C. Mikail
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. Martino
    • 4
  • L. Abou
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. -F. Vergnes
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratoire de chimie analytique, qualitologie, nutrition, Faculté de PharmacieUniversité de la MéditerranéeMarseille Cedex 05France
  2. 2.UMR INSERM 476 — INRA 1260 « Nutrition humaine et lipides »MarseilleFrance
  3. 3.Faculté de médecineUniversité de la Méditerranée (Aix-Marseille 2)MarseilleFrance
  4. 4.UMR-MD-1, Facultés de médecine et de pharmacieUniversité de la MéditerranéeMarseille Cedex 05France

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