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Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology

, Volume 44, Issue 11, pp 1511–1525 | Cite as

Microbial healing of cracks in concrete: a review

  • Sumit Joshi
  • Shweta Goyal
  • Abhijit Mukherjee
  • M. Sudhakara Reddy
Environmental Microbiology - Review

Abstract

Concrete is the most widely used construction material of the world and maintaining concrete structures from premature deterioration is proving to be a great challenge. Early age formation of micro-cracking in concrete structure severely affects the serviceability leading to high cost of maintenance. Apart from conventional methods of repairing cracks with sealants or treating the concrete with adhesive chemicals to prevent the cracks from widening, a microbial crack-healing approach has shown promising results. The unique feature of the microbial system is that it enables self-healing of concrete. The effectiveness of microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation (MICCP) in improving durability of cementitious building materials, restoration of stone monuments and soil bioclogging is discussed. Main emphasis has been laid on the potential of bacteria-based crack repair in concrete structure and the applications of different bacterial treatments to self-healing cracks. Furthermore, recommendations to employ the MICCP technology at commercial scale and reduction in the cost of application are provided in this review.

Keywords

Microbial concrete Autogenous healing Self-healing Crack healing Urea hydrolysis Bacillus 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India, for providing financial support to carry out research in “Durability enhancement and prevention of damages in reinforced structures using bacteria (DST no: SB/S3/CEE/0063/2013)”.

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Copyright information

© Society for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sumit Joshi
    • 1
  • Shweta Goyal
    • 2
  • Abhijit Mukherjee
    • 3
  • M. Sudhakara Reddy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyThapar UniversityPatialaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringThapar UniversityPatialaIndia
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringCurtin UniversityBentleyAustralia

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