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Engineering biological systems toward a sustainable bioeconomy

  • Mateus Schreiner Garcez Lopes
Review

Abstract

The nature of our major global risks calls for sustainable innovations to decouple economic growth from greenhouse gases emission. The development of sustainable technologies has been negatively impacted by several factors including sugar production costs, production scale, economic crises, hydraulic fracking development and the market inability to capture externality costs. However, advances in engineering of biological systems allow bridging the gap between exponential growth of knowledge about biology and the creation of sustainable value chains for a broad range of economic sectors. Additionally, industrial symbiosis of different biobased technologies can increase competitiveness and sustainability, leading to the development of eco-industrial parks. Reliable policies for carbon pricing and revenue reinvestments in disruptive technologies and in the deployment of eco-industrial parks could boost the welfare while addressing our major global risks toward the transition from a fossil to a biobased economy.

Keywords

Synthetic biology Metabolic engineering Carbon pricing Sustainability Bioeconomy 

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (XLSM 100 kb)
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Supplementary material 2 (XLSM 100 kb)
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Supplementary material 3 (XLSM 101 kb)

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© Society for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Braskem, Innovation in Renewable TechnologiesSao PauloBrazil

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