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Highly valuable microalgae: biochemical and topological aspects

  • Olivier Pignolet
  • Sébastien Jubeau
  • Carlos Vaca-Garcia
  • Philippe MichaudEmail author
Review

Abstract

The past decade has seen a surge in the interest in microalgae culture for biodiesel production and other applications as renewable biofuels as an alternative to petroleum transport fuels. The development of new technologies for the culture of these photosynthetic microorganisms and improved knowledge of their biochemical composition has spurred innovation in the field of high-value biomolecules. These developments are only economically viable if all the microalgae fractions are valorized in a biorefinery strategy. Achieving this objective requires an understanding of microalgae content and the cellular localization of the main biomolecular families in order to develop efficient harvest and sequential recovery technologies. This review summarizes the state of the art in microalgae compositions and topologies using some examples of the main industrially farmed microalgae.

Keywords

Biorefinery Cyanobacteria Eukaryotic microalgae Biofuel Lipid Polysaccharide Pigment Protein 

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Copyright information

© Society for Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olivier Pignolet
    • 1
  • Sébastien Jubeau
    • 2
  • Carlos Vaca-Garcia
    • 1
  • Philippe Michaud
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.INP-ENSIACET, LCA (Laboratoire de Chimie Agro-Industrielle), INRA, UMR 1010 CAIUniversité de ToulouseToulouseFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire GEPEA, CRTT, UMR CNRS 6144Université de NantesSaint-NazaireFrance
  3. 3.Institut Pascal UMR CNRS 6602, Polytech’ Clermont FerrandClermont Université, Université Blaise PascalAubièreFrance

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