Utilization of nitrate abolishes the “Custers effect” in Dekkera bruxellensis and determines a different pattern of fermentation products
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Nitrate is one of the most abundant nitrogen sources in nature. Several yeast species have been shown to be able to assimilate nitrate and nitrite, but the metabolic pathway has been studied in very few of them. Dekkera bruxellensis can use nitrate as sole nitrogen source and this metabolic characteristic can render D. bruxellensis able to overcome S. cerevisiae populations in industrial bioethanol fermentations. In order to better characterize how nitrate utilization affects carbon metabolism and the yields of the fermentation products, we investigated this trait in defined media under well-controlled aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Our experiments showed that in D. bruxellensis, utilization of nitrate determines a different pattern of fermentation products. Acetic acid, instead of ethanol, became in fact the main product of glucose metabolism under aerobic conditions. We have also demonstrated that under anaerobic conditions, nitrate assimilation abolishes the “Custers effect”, in this way improving its fermentative metabolism. This can offer a new strategy, besides aeration, to sustain growth and ethanol production for the employment of this yeast in industrial processes.
KeywordsDekkera bruxellensis Nitrate metabolism Custers effect Ethanol production
Md Moktaduzzaman has a fellowship from Marie-Curie FP7-PEOPLE-2010-ITN “CORNUCOPIA” project.
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