Identification and functional study of a new FLO10-derivative gene from the industrial flocculating yeast SPSC01
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Yeast flocculation is an important property for the brewing industry as well as for ethanol fermentation to facilitate biomass recovery by sedimentation from the fermentation broth, which is cost-effective. In this study, a new flocculating gene FLO10spsc of 4,221 bp homologous to FLO10 was identified in the industrial flocculating yeast SPSC01. Sequence analysis indicated that the N- and C-terminus of the deduced protein of this new FLO gene are 99 % identical to that of FLO10, but more intragenic repeats are included. The study on the function of FLO10spsc by its integrative expression in the non-flocculating industrial yeast indicated severe inhibition in the flocculation of the transformant by mannose and maltose, moderate inhibition by sucrose and glucose and no inhibition by xylose and galactose, and thus the NewFlo type was established. Meanwhile, the flocculation of the transformant was stable when the temperature was below 50 °C and the pH was in the range of 4.0–6.0. Furthermore, the medium containing 250 g/l glucose was completely fermented within 48 h by the transformant, with about 110 g/l ethanol and 5.5 g(DCW)/l biomass produced, and no significant difference in ethanol fermentation performance was observed compared to its wide-type strain. Therefore, the FLO gene and corresponding transformation strategy provide a platform for engineering yeast strains with the flocculation phenotype to facilitate biomass recovery.
KeywordsYeast flocculation Biomass recovery FLO10spsc Integrative expression Ethanol fermentation