GPS Solutions

, 24:19 | Cite as

PANG-NAV: a tool for processing GNSS measurements in SPP, including RAIM functionality

  • Antonio AngrisanoEmail author
  • Salvatore Gaglione
  • Nicola Crocetto
  • Mario Vultaggio
GPS Toolbox


Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSSs) are theoretically able to provide accurate, three-dimensional, and continuous positioning to an unlimited number of users. An important shortcoming of GNSS is the lack of integrity, defined as the ability of a system to provide timely warnings in case of malfunction; this problem is especially felt in safety-of-life applications such as aviation. A common way to fill this gap is the use of Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) techniques, which are able to provide integrity information by analyzing redundant measurements. A possible RAIM functionality is the ability to identify, and so discard, anomalous measurements; this functionality has made RAIM very useful also in case of severe signal degradation, such as in urban or dense vegetation areas, where blunders are common. PANG-NAV is a tool, developed by the PArthenope Navigation Group, able to process GNSS measurements (from RINEX files) in order to obtain a position solution. The core of PANG-NAV is the single point positioning (SPP) technique, including a RAIM functionality. A multi-constellation solution, with GPS and Galileo, can be provided. Both static processing and kinematic processing are possible, and in cases where ground truth is available, error analysis can be carried out.


Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) GPS Galileo Multi-GNSS 



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Benevento Giustino FortunatoBeneventoItaly
  2. 2.University of Naples ParthenopeNaplesItaly
  3. 3.University of Campania Luigi VanvitelliNaplesItaly

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