GPS Solutions

, 23:65 | Cite as

Discovery of new code interference phenomenon in GPS observables

  • Connor D. FlynnEmail author
  • Anthony M. McCaffrey
  • P. T. Jayachandran
  • Richard B. Langley
Original Article


The Global Positioning System (GPS) provides satellite-based navigation signals, which are employed in many fields, including agriculture, transportation, aviation, and military/personal navigation. In an effort to minimize interference among GPS satellites and to enable GPS receivers to discern satellite identity, each satellite is assigned a specific pseudorandom noise (PRN) sequence that is used to modulate the phase of the corresponding signal. The codes that modulate the current GPS landscape are constructed in such a way that cross-correlation among codes is kept to a bounded minimum, which should significantly limit harmful signal interference. In this study, the efficacy of the current PRN-based modulation system is called into question as GPS signal amplitude and carrier phase data over the past decade show frequent interference between satellite signals.


GPS Interference Frequency spectrum analysis Ionospheric scintillation 



Infrastructure funding for CHAIN was provided by the Canadian Foundation for Innovation and the New Brunswick Innovation Foundation. CHAIN operation is conducted in collaboration with the Canadian Space Agency. This research was undertaken with the financial support of the Canadian Space Agency FAST program and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of New BrunswickFrederictonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Geodesy and Geomatics EngineeringUniversity of New BrunswickFrederictonCanada

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