GPS Solutions

, 13:191 | Cite as

Carrier phase wind-up in GPS reflectometry

  • Georg BeyerleEmail author
Original Article


Changes in GPS transmitter and receiver antenna orientations induce variations in observed carrier phase values. An analytic formula for this well-known carrier phase wind-up correction is derived which generalizes a previous result. In addition, it is shown that in GPS reflectometry the wind-up values of direct and coherently reflected rays may differ by up to several centimeters. The results are discussed on the basis of simulated measurements.


GPS Carrier phase wind-up Reflectometry 



Helpful comments and suggestions by my colleagues at GFZ, Antonio Rius (IEEC, Barcelona) and an anonymous reviewer are gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GFZ German Research Centre for GeosciencesPotsdamGermany

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