Does financial sector development affect the growth gains from trade openness?

  • N. R. Ramírez-RondánEmail author
  • Marco E. Terrones
  • Andrea Vilchez
Original Paper


A sizeable literature suggests that financial sector development could be an important enabler of the growth benefits of trade openness. We provide a comprehensive analysis of how financial development can affect the relationship between trade openness and growth using a dynamic panel threshold model and an extensive dataset for a large sample of countries for the 1970–2015 period. We find that there is a financial development threshold in which trade openness has a positive and significant link with economic growth. We also find that when splitting the sample into industrialized and non-industrialized countries, the financial development threshold that enables the trade and growth association is higher in the former group of countries than in the latter. This finding is consistent with the fact that the export composition of industrialized countries is tilted towards more capital-intensive finance-constrained goods.


Trade openness Growth Threshold model Panel data 

JEL Classification

F43 O41 C33 



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Copyright information

© Kiel Institute 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversidad del Pacífico (Lima, Perú)LimaPeru
  2. 2.Inter-American Development BankWashingtonUSA

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