Review of World Economics

, Volume 146, Issue 1, pp 113–146 | Cite as

Trade integration and within-plant productivity evolution in Chile

  • Maria BasEmail author
  • Ivan Ledezma
Original Paper


We analyze the impact of trade integration on plant TFP using Chilean plant-level data (1982–1999) and 3-digit bilateral trade flows. Our contribution is to disentangle the impact of export and import barriers, estimated as border effects within a multilateral context. A fall in export barriers is positively correlated with plant productivity in traded sectors. The reduction of import barriers, however, can only be associated to productivity improvements in export-oriented sectors. In import-competing sectors a robust positive correlation shows up between plant productivity and protection. We then test several channels linking trade integration and firm productivity.


Trade barriers Plant productivity Firm heterogeneity Plant-level data 

JEL Classification

F1 F4 O1 



We are grateful to Pol Antras, Jose Miguel Benavente, Gene Grossman, Thierry Mayer, Jacques Mairesse, Nina Pavcnik, Andrea Repetto and James Tybout for helpful comments.


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Copyright information

© Kiel Institute 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Paris School of Economics and CEPII (Centre d’Etudes Prospectives et d’Informations Internationales)ParisFrance
  2. 2.Paris School of Economics and Université Paris-Dauphine LEDa-DIALParisFrance

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