A supply chain perspective of synchromodality to increase the sustainability of freight transportation
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Shifting freight traffic from road to rail and waterborne transportation can substantially improve the economic and environmental performance of logistics systems. Regrettably, even with technology and regulations developing over the last few decades, modal shifts have remained modest at best.
Synchromodal transportation, or synchromodality, describes a structured and synchronized combination of different transportation modes serving for aggregated transportation demand, which entails a modal shift from road to the more sustainable transportation modes such as rail or waterway. However, rail or waterway transportation generally lack the flexibility in delivery quantity, frequency, schedule, etc., and result in larger inventory and/or longer periods between deliveries. Companies therefore often hesitate to implement synchromodality because of the presumption to trade higher inventory and/or lower service level for sustainability.
In this thesis, we first review the recent literature...