, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 341–360 | Cite as

Shared mobility systems

  • Gilbert Laporte
  • Frédéric Meunier
  • Roberto Wolfler CalvoEmail author
Invited Survey


Shared mobility systems for bicycles and cars have grown in popularity in recent years and have attracted the attention of the operational research community. Researchers have investigated several problems arising at the strategic, tactical and operational levels. This survey paper classifies the relevant literature under five main headings: station location, fleet dimensioning, station inventory, rebalancing incentives, and vehicle repositioning. It closes with some open research questions.


Survey Shared mobility systems Bicycle and car sharing Fleet dimensioning Inventory rebalancing Vehicle repositioning 

Mathematics Subject Classification

90–02 90B06 90B80 90C90 90B05 



This work was partially funded by the Canadian Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council under Grant 2015-06189. This support is gratefully acknowledged. Thanks are due to the reviewers for their valuable comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gilbert Laporte
    • 1
  • Frédéric Meunier
    • 2
  • Roberto Wolfler Calvo
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.3000 chemin de la Côte-Sainte-CatherineHEC MontréalMontréalCanada
  2. 2.CERMICS (ENPC)Université Paris EstMarne-la-ValléeFrance
  3. 3.Laboratoire d’Informatique de Paris Nord (UMR 7030), sorbonne paris citéUniversité Paris 13VilletaneuseFrance

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