Bladder dysfunction as the initial presentation of multiple system atrophy: a prospective cohort study
- 195 Downloads
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a disease that combines autonomic (orthostatic or bladder) with motor [parkinsonian (MSA-P) or cerebellar (MSA-C)] dysfunction. While bladder dysfunction may occur earlier than motor disorders, thus far no prospective study has been available to determine how often and how early bladder autonomic dysfunction predates motor dysfunction in MSA. Therefore, we present data from detailed history-taking in patients with MSA.
This is a prospective cohort study. Detailed history-taking was performed and a questionnaire administered in 121 MSA patients (73 MSA-C, 48 MSA-P; 74 men, 47 women; age, 58 ± 8.0 years; initial recruitment period, 5 years; follow-up, 6.5 ± 4.0 years).
Among the patients with MSA-C, 40 patients (55%) suffered motor dysfunction first, 22 (30%) suffered autonomic dysfunction first, and 11 (15%) initially suffered both simultaneously. Among the patients with MSA-P, 22 patients (46%) suffered motor dysfunction first, 22 (46%) suffered autonomic dysfunction first, and two (8%) initially suffered both simultaneously. Among the ‘autonomic-first’ subgroup of MSA-C patients, five suffered orthostatic dysfunction first, 13 suffered urinary dysfunction first, and four initially suffered both simultaneously. Among the ‘autonomic-first’ subgroup of MSA-P patients, six suffered orthostatic dysfunction first, nine suffered urinary dysfunction first, and seven initially suffered both simultaneously. Urinary symptoms were further preceded by erectile dysfunction in men. Overall, 18.2% of patients suffered only urinary symptoms initially, and the mean interval from the onset of urinary to the onset of motor symptoms was 2.8 years (range 1–7 years).
In MSA patients, 18.2% presented with bladder dysfunction as the sole initial manifestation, and the mean interval from the onset of urinary to the onset of motor symptoms was 2.8 years. It is clinically important to avoid unnecessary prostatic surgery when MSA patients see urologists before neurologists.
KeywordsMultiple system atrophy Autonomic dysfunction Urinary dysfunction Prostatic hypertrophy Nonmotor signs
We cordially thank Prof. Niall Quinn in Queen Square, London for his valuable suggestions.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
We have no conflict of interest.
- 1.Gilman S, Wenning GK, Low PA, Brooks DJ, Mathias CJ, Trojanowski JQ, Wood NW, Colosimo C, Dürr A, Fowler CJ, Kaufmann H, Klockgether T, Lees A, Poewe W, Quinn N, Revesz T, Robertson D, Sandroni P, Seppi K, Vidailhet M (2008) Second consensus statement on the diagnosis of multiple system atrophy. Neurology 71:670–676CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 4.Kaufmann H, Norcliffe-Kaufmann L, Palma JA, Biaggioni I, Low PA, Singer W, Goldstein DS, Peltier AC, Shibao CA, Gibbons CH, Freeman R, Robertson D, Autonomic Disorders Consortium (2017) Natural history of pure autonomic failure: a United States prospective cohort. Ann Neurol 81:287–297Google Scholar
- 13.Sakakibara R, Panicker J, Finazzi-Agro E, Iacovelli V, Bruschini H, Parkinson’s Disease Subcommittee, The Neurourology Promotion Committee in The International Continence Society (2016) A guideline for the management of bladder dysfunction in Parkinson’s disease and other gait disorders. Neurourol Urodyn 35:551–563Google Scholar
- 18.Köllensperger M, Geser F, Seppi K, Stampfer-Kountchev M, Sawires M, Scherfler C, Boesch S, Mueller J, Koukouni V, Quinn N, Pellecchia MT, Barone P, Schimke N, Dodel R, Oertel W, Dupont E, Østergaard K, Daniels C, Deuschl G, Gurevich T, Giladi N, Coelho M, Sampaio C, Nilsson C, Widner H, Sorbo FD, Albanese A, Cardozo A, Tolosa E, Abele M, Klockgether T, Kamm C, Gasser T, Djaldetti R, Colosimo C, Meco G, Schrag A, Poewe W, Wenning GK, European MSA Study Group (2008) Red flags for multiple system atrophy. Mov Disord 23:1093–1099Google Scholar
- 19.Yamamoto T, Asahina M, Yamanaka Y, Uchiyama T, Hirano S, Fuse M, Koga Y, Sakakibara R, Kuwabara S (2017) The utility of post-void residual volume versus sphincter electromyography to distinguish between multiple system atrophy and Parkinson’s disease. PLoS One 12(1):e0169405. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0169405(eCollection 2017) CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar