Clinical Autonomic Research

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 111–118

Treadmill gait training improves baroreflex sensitivity in Parkinson’s disease

  • Mohan Ganesan
  • Pramod Kumar Pal
  • Anupam Gupta
  • Talakad N. Sathyaprabha
Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10286-014-0236-z

Cite this article as:
Ganesan, M., Pal, P.K., Gupta, A. et al. Clin Auton Res (2014) 24: 111. doi:10.1007/s10286-014-0236-z



Partial weight supported treadmill gait training (PWSTT) is widely used in rehabilitation of gait in patient with Parkinson’s Diseases (PD). However, its effect on blood pressure variability (BPV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in PD has not been studied.


To evaluate the effect of conventional and treadmill gait training on BPV components and BRS.


Sixty patients with idiopathic PD were randomized into three groups. Twenty patients in control group were on only stable medication, 20 patients in conventional gait training (CGT) group (Stable medication with CGT) and 20 patients in PWSTT group (Stable medication with 20 % PWSTT). The CGT and PWSTT sessions were given for 30 min per day, 4 days per week, for 4 weeks (16 sessions). Groups were evaluated in their best ‘ON’ states. The beat-to-beat finger blood pressure (BP) was recorded for 10 min using a Finometer instrument (Finapres Medical Systems, The Netherlands). BPV and BRS results were derived from artifact-free 5-min segments using Nevrocard software.


BRS showed a significant group with time interaction (F = 6.930; p = 0.003). Post-hoc analysis revealed that PWSTT group showed significant improvement in BRS (p < 0.001) after 4 weeks of training. No significant differences found in BPV parameters; systolic BP, diastolic BP, co-variance of systolic BP and low frequency component of systolic BP.


Four weeks of PWSTT significantly improves BRS in patients with PD. It can be considered as a non-invasive method of influencing BRS for prevention of orthostatic BP fall in patients with PD.


Parkinson’s disease Blood pressure variability Baroreflex sensitivity Treadmill training Gait training 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohan Ganesan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pramod Kumar Pal
    • 3
  • Anupam Gupta
    • 4
  • Talakad N. Sathyaprabha
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Neurophysiology, Laboratory for Autonomic FunctionsNational Institute of Mental Health and NeurosciencesBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Physical TherapyCollege of Applied Health Sciences, University of IllinoisChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Department of NeurologyNational Institute of Mental Health and NeurosciencesBangaloreIndia
  4. 4.Department of Neurological RehabilitationNational Institute of Mental Health and NeurosciencesBangaloreIndia

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