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Clinical Autonomic Research

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 12–17 | Cite as

Cardiovascular manifestations of autonomic epilepsy

  • Roy FreemanEmail author
REVIEW ARTICLE

Abstract

Cardiovascular autonomic manifestations of seizures occur frequently in the epileptic population. Common manifestations include alterations in heart rate and rhythm, blood pressure, ECG changes and chest pain. The neuroanatomical and neurophysiological underpinnings of these autonomic manifestations are not been fully elucidated. Diagnostic confusion may arise when ictal symptoms are confined to the autonomic nervous system; conversely, such symptoms in association with convulsions or altered consciousness are more readily recognized as concomitant ictal features. Awareness of the diverse autonomic manifestations of epilepsy will enhance diagnosis and lead to more effective therapy of these patients.

Key words

autonomic epilepsy sudden death tachycardia bradycardia 

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Copyright information

© Steinkopff-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Autonomic and Peripheral Nerve Laboratory, Harvard Medical School, Dept. of NeurologyBeth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterBoston (MA) 02215USA

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