Utilization of Structured Reporting to Monitor Outcomes of Doppler Ultrasound Performed for Deep Vein Thrombosis
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Determining the clinical impact of imaging exams at the enterprise level is problematic, as radiology reports historically have been created with the content meant primarily for the referring provider. Structured reporting can establish the foundation for enterprise monitoring of imaging outcomes without manual review providing the framework for assessment of utilization and quality. Ultrasound (US) for deep vein thrombosis evaluation (DVT) is an ideal testbed for assessing this functionality. The system standard template for Doppler US for extremity venous evaluation for DVT was updated with a discrete fixed picklist of impression options and implemented system wide. Template utilization and interpretive outcomes were actively monitored and use reinforced as part of standard clinical practice. From January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2017, 9111 US exams for DVT were performed with 8997 utilizing structured reporting (98.75%). Of those in the structured reporting group, 1074 (11.79%) were positive for any type of DVT with 732 (8.03%) reported as Acute/New above the knee. Positive rates for any type of DVT were 10.29% emergency department, 14.17% inpatient, and 13.20% outpatient. While being the lowest positive rate, the emergency department had the highest overall volume of exams. Structured reporting for DVT US assessment outcomes can be implemented with a very high rate of radiologist adoption and adherence providing accurate determination of positive rates, month by month, in differing patient locations. Structured elements can be used to automatically trigger downstream processes; in our institution, this will alert providers in the EHR if the patient does not receive anticoagulation within 2 h of a positive test. This lays the foundation for effective enterprise assessment of imaging outcomes forming the basis of future quality and safety initiatives on optimizing health system resource utilization.
KeywordsStructured reporting Utilization DVT Enterprise reporting Quality
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