Writing Systematic Reviews of the Literature—It Really Is a Systematic Process!
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Systematic reviews of the literature represent a very specific type of research paper. Before writing such a review and submitting to a journal, one should consider the rationale for the review and who the audience is. A good definition of a systematic review is one that “attempts to identify, appraise, and synthesize all the empirical evidence that meets pre-specified eligibility criteria to answer a given research question. Researchers conducting systematic reviews use explicit methods aimed at minimizing bias, in order to produce more reliable findings that can be used to inform decision making” . Reasons for conducting a systematic review include, but are not limited to determining the extent to which current research has progressed towards addressing a specific problem or area of inquiry; identifying gaps, contradictions, relationships and inconsistencies in the literature; developing an overarching abstraction of the evidence to date; describing directions for...
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