Journal of Digital Imaging

, Volume 27, Issue 6, pp 737–750 | Cite as

Secured Telemedicine Using Region-Based Watermarking with Tamper Localization

  • Ali Al-HajEmail author
  • Alaa’ Amer


Medical images exchanged over public networks require a methodology to provide confidentiality for the image, authenticity of the image ownership and source of origin, and image integrity verification. To provide these three security requirements, we propose in this paper a region-based algorithm based on multiple watermarking in the frequency and spatial domains. Confidentiality and authenticity are provided by embedding robust watermarks in the region-of-non-interest (RONI) of the image using a blind scheme in the discrete wavelet transform and singular value decomposition domain (DWT-SVD). On the other hand, integrity is provided by embedding local fragile watermarks in the region-of-interest (ROI) of the image using a reversible scheme in the spatial domain. The integrity provided by the proposed algorithm is implemented on a block-level of the partitioned-image, thus enabling localized detection of tampered regions. The algorithm was evaluated with respect to imperceptibility, robustness, capacity, and tamper localization capability, using MRI, Ultrasound, and X-ray gray-scale medical images. Performance results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm in providing the required security services for telemedicine applications.


Telemedicine Confidentiality Authenticity Integrity Tamper localization Medical image transmission DWT SVD Watermarking 


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Copyright information

© Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Engineering, King Abdullah II Faculty of EngineeringPrincess Sumaya University for Technology, Al-JubeihaAmmanJordan
  2. 2.Ideal SolutionsDohaQatar

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