Retrospective Evaluation of PET-MRI Registration Algorithms
- 192 Downloads
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of registration positron emission tomography (PET) head images to the MRI-based brain atlas. The [18F]fluoro-2-deoxyglucose PET images were normalized to the MRI-based brain atlas using nine registration algorithms including objective functions of ratio image uniformity (RIU), normalized mutual information (NMI), and normalized cross correlation (CC) and transformation models of rigid-body, linear, affine, and nonlinear transformations. The accuracy of normalization was evaluated by visual inspection and quantified by the gray matter (GM) concordance between normalized PET images and the brain atlas. The linear and affine registration based on the RIU provided the best GM concordance (average similarity index of 0.71 for both). We also observed that the GM concordances of linear and affine registration were higher than those of the rigid and nonlinear registration among the methods evaluated.
Key wordsNormalization PET MR brain tissue concordance
- 1.Carson RE, Daube-Witherspoon ME, Herscovitch P: Quantitative Functional Brain Imaging With Postron Emission Tomography. Academic Press, San Diego, CA 92101, 1998Google Scholar
- 2.Phelps ME: PET: Molecular Imaging and Its Biological Applications. Springer, New York, NY, 2004Google Scholar
- 15.West J, Fitzpatrick JM, Wang MY, Dawant BM, Maurer CR, Kessler RM, Maciunas RJ, Barillot C, Lemoine D, Collignon A, Maes F, Suetens P, Vandermeulen D, vandenElsen PA, Napel S, Sumanaweera TS, Harkness B, Hemler PF, Hill DLG, Hawkes DJ, Studholme C, Maintz JBA, Viergever MA, Malandain G, Pennec X, Noz ME, Maguire GQ, Pollack M, Pelizzari CA, Robb RA, Hanson D, Woods RP: Comparison and evaluation of retrospective intermodality brain image registration techniques. J Comput Assist Tomogr 21:554–566, 1997PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar