Journal of Digital Imaging

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 219–234 | Cite as

3D Bicipital Groove Shape Analysis and Relationship to Tendopathy

  • Aaron D. Ward
  • Ghassan Hamarneh
  • Mark E. Schweitzer


The bicipital groove of the proximal humerus is formed by the medial and lateral tuberosities and serves to retain the long biceps tendon in its proper place as the arm moves. Bicipital root and proximal tendon disorders are an important symptom generator in the shoulder. The accuracy of the diagnosis of many shoulder disorders visually without quantitative shape analysis is limited, motivating a clinical need for some ancillary method to assess the proximal biceps. In previous studies, measurements of bicipital groove shape were 2-dimensional (2D), taken from a single axial slice. Because of significant variations in groove shape from one axial slice to another in a single patient, such approaches risk overlooking shape features important to long biceps tendon pathology. In this paper, we present a study of the relationship between bicipital groove shape and long biceps tendon pathology using a novel 3-dimensional (3D) shape descriptor for the bicipital groove. In addition to providing quantitative measures of the shape of the groove and its relation to tendopathy, the new descriptor allows for intuitive, descriptive visualization of the shape of the groove.

Key words

Bicipital groove intertubercular sulcus long biceps tendon musculoskeletal disorder 3D shape analysis 


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Copyright information

© Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aaron D. Ward
    • 1
  • Ghassan Hamarneh
    • 1
  • Mark E. Schweitzer
    • 2
  1. 1.Medical Image Analysis LabSimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada
  2. 2.Department of Radiology and Orthopedic SurgeryNYU School of Medicine, Hospital for Joint DiseasesNew YorkUSA

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