Benefits of the DICOM Structured Report
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Recently, the digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) standard introduced rules for the encoding, transmission, and storage of the imaging diagnostic report. This medical document can be stored and communicated with the images in picture archiving and communication system (PACS). It is a structured document that contains text with links to other data such as images, waveforms, and spatial or temporal coordinates. Its structure, along with its wide use of coded information, enables the semantic understanding of the data that is essential for the Electronic Healthcare Record deployment. In this article, we present DICOM Structured Report (SR) and discuss its benefits. We show how SR enables efficient radiology workflow, improves patient care, optimizes reimbursement, and enhances the radiology ergonomic working conditions. As structured input significantly alters the interpretation process, understanding all its benefits is necessary to support the change.
Key WordsDigital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) structured report interpretation Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS) Radiology Information System (RIS) Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise (IHE)
This work was supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.
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