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Wirtschaftsdienst

, Volume 92, Issue 8, pp 507–519 | Cite as

Verteilungswirkungen des Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetzes

  • Holger Techert
  • Judith Niehues
  • Hubertus Bardt
  • Erik Gawel
  • Klaas Korte
  • Andreas Löschel
  • Florens Flues
  • Peter Heindl
Zeitgespräch

Zusammenfassung

Aktuell wird darüber diskutiert, ob das Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz (EEG) obere Einkommenschichten begünstige. Dem wird entgegengehalten, dass die Energiepolitik nicht auf die Einkommensverteilung gerichtet sei, dafür seien andere Politikbereiche verantwortlich. Wenn überhaupt, sollten die Begünstigungen für energieintensive Industrien im EEG in den Fokus genommen werden. Dennoch stellt sich die Frage, ob das EEG sein eigentliches Ziel, die CO2-Vermeidung, mit effi zienten Mitteln erreicht.

Distributional Effects of the Renewable Energy Act

Abstract

The ongoing economic criticism of the German Renewable Energy Act (EEG) recently started focusing on distributional effects, too. A team of authors at the Cologne Institute for Economic Research is worried about high costs for electricity consumers. They argue since electric power consumption is only slightly correlated with income, the fi nancial burden of the EEG is substantially higher for low-income households than for high-income households. This regressive effect is even increased since particularly high-income households have installed photovoltaic systems and thereby gain from green power subsidies. In contrast, other authors argue that this debate on distributional effects, while desirable, often scandalizes rather common issues of everyday economic events while ignoring the real EEG-induced redistribution effects, that is to say the EEG reallocation charge privilege for energy-intensive industries. These authors advise against drawing on partial analysis when discussing distribution-related issues of the EEG. A team of authors at the ZEW are concerned about the cost-effi ciency of the EEG which is the underlying reason for the recent discussions on distributional effects. The energy transition will entail large additional cost which will have to be carried. Increasing the effi ciency of governmental energy and climate policies will increase acceptance and attenuate distributional effects.

JEL-Classifi cation

E64 H25 Q48 

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Copyright information

© ZBW and Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Holger Techert
  • Judith Niehues
  • Hubertus Bardt
  • Erik Gawel
  • Klaas Korte
  • Andreas Löschel
  • Florens Flues
  • Peter Heindl

There are no affiliations available

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