, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp 201–216 | Cite as

Enhanced Cooperation: the Ultimate Challenge of Managing Diversity in Europe

New Perspectives on the European Integration Process
  • Norberto Nuno Gomes de Andrade*

Diversity in the EU has always been a permanent factor accompanying the European integration process. With the recent enlargement and those in the pipeline this diversity will grow, bringing the ultimate challenge for the continuity and feasibility of the integration process: the management of this increasing variety. The mechanism of enhanced cooperation was established in the Amsterdam Treaty to provide a solution to this challenge. The following article sheds some light on the future utilisation of this mechanism and its consequences and repercussions for the European integration process.


Economic Policy Integration Process European Integration Permanent Factor Recent Enlargement 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norberto Nuno Gomes de Andrade*

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