Software & Systems Modeling

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 1013–1048 | Cite as

A framework for deadlock detection in core ABS

  • Elena GiachinoEmail author
  • Cosimo Laneve
  • Michael Lienhardt
Theme Section Paper


We present a framework for statically detecting deadlocks in a concurrent object-oriented language with asynchronous method calls and cooperative scheduling of method activations. Since this language features recursion and dynamic resource creation, deadlock detection is extremely complex and state-of-the-art solutions either give imprecise answers or do not scale. In order to augment precision and scalability, we propose a modular framework that allows several techniques to be combined. The basic component of the framework is a front-end inference algorithm that extracts abstract behavioral descriptions of methods, called contracts, which retain resource dependency information. This component is integrated with a number of possible different back-ends that analyze contracts and derive deadlock information. As a proof-of-concept, we discuss two such back-ends: (1) an evaluator that computes a fixpoint semantics and (2) an evaluator using abstract model checking.


Type inference Deadlock analysis  Asynchronous method invocation Concurrent object groups 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Giachino
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cosimo Laneve
    • 1
  • Michael Lienhardt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringUniversity of Bologna – INRIA Focus TeamBolognaItaly

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