Oncologie

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 250–253 | Cite as

Après un cancer gynécologique, comment bien vivre sa sexualité?

Oncologie

Résumé

La sexualité est un élément important de la qualité de la vie. Après le traitement d’un cancer du sein, certaines femmes présentent des troubles sexuels. Les facteurs de risque sont l’insuffisance ovarienne post-chimiothérapie chez les jeunes femmes, la sécheresse vaginale et la diminution de la perception de l’attractivité sexuelle. La qualité des relations avec le partenaire, et l’existence de problèmes sexuels chez lui sont aussi des déterminants de la sexualité. Après un cancer du col de l’utérus, en cas de radiothérapie, les femmes présentent plus souvent des dyspareunies, des troubles de lubrification et des modifications du vagin qui peuvent être améliorées par des dilatations vaginales. Les approches psycho-éducationnelles, des conseils simples et des entretiens avec le partenaire sont efficaces et bien acceptés.

Mots clés

Cancer du col de l’utérus Cancer du sein Qualité de vie Sexualité 

Can a healthy sex-life be resumed after breast or gynecological cancer?

Abstract

Sexuality is an important part of the quality of life. After breast cancer treatment, some women experience persistent sexual dysfunction. The most common risk factors are ovarian failure due to chemotherapy in young women, vaginal dryness and perceived reduced sexual attractiveness. The quality of the relationship with the partner and the partner’s sexual problems also influence the resumption of a healthy sex-life. After cervical cancer, women treated with radiotherapy can experience poor sexual function as well as dyspareunia, lubrication troubles, and persistent vaginal changes, which may be prevented by vaginal dilatation. Psycho-educational approaches, advice from nursing staff and enhanced communication between health professionals, patients and partners may be successful.

Keywords

Breast cancer Cervical cancer Quality of life Sexuality 

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Copyright information

© Springer Verlag France 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut CurieParis cedex 05France
  2. 2.Centre de la Femmehôpital de VersaillesLe Chesnay cedexFrance
  3. 3.Maternité Aline-de-Crépyhôpital BichatParisFrance

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