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Clinical factors affecting the translucency of monolithic Y-TZP ceramics

  • Gürel PekkanEmail author
  • Mutlu Özcan
  • Meryem Gülce Subaşı
Review Article


The use of monolithic yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) ceramics in aesthetically critical regions is questionable because of the insufficient translucency and opacity of the restorations. Intrinsic (manufacturing process) and extrinsic factors (laboratory procedures and clinical factors) can affect the translucency of monolithic zirconia. In this narrative review, the clinical factors (thickness, cementation type, colour of the monolithic zirconia, surface finishing methods and wear, dental background, cement colour, low temperature degradation) affecting the translucency of monolithic Y-TZP ceramics were reported.


Zirconia Monolithic Translucency Colour Wear 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© The Society of The Nippon Dental University 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of DentistryTekirdag Namik Kemal UniversityTekirdagTurkey
  2. 2.Dental Materials Unit, Center for Dental and Oral Medicine, Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics and Dental Materials ScienceUniversity of ZürichZurichSwitzerland
  3. 3.Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of DentistryKutahya Health Sciences UniversityKutahyaTurkey

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