, Volume 104, Issue 3, pp 245–256 | Cite as

Amelogenesis imperfecta: review of diagnostic findings and treatment concepts

  • Martin M. I. SabandalEmail author
  • Edgar Schäfer
Review Article


Mineralization defects like amelogenesis imperfecta are often of hereditary origin. This article reviews the diagnostic findings and summarizes the suggested treatment approaches. Currently, there are no defined therapy recommendations available for patients suffering from amelogenesis imperfecta. The mentioned therapies are more or less equal but no comprehensive therapy recommendation is evident. When treating patients suffering from amelogenesis imperfecta, a comprehensive therapy of almost every dental discipline has to be considered. The earlier the diagnosis of amelogenesis imperfecta is confirmed, the better the outcome is. Optimal treatment approaches consist of early diagnosis and treatment approach and frequent dental recall appointments to prevent progressive occlusal wear or early destruction by caries. Full-mouth prosthetic treatment seems to be the best treatment option.


Amelogenesis imperfecta Hypomineralization Mineralization defect 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© The Society of The Nippon Dental University 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Central Interdisciplinary Ambulance in the School of DentistryUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany

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