, Volume 105, Issue 1, pp 29–35 | Cite as

Color stability of recent composite resins

  • S. Ardu
  • O. Duc
  • E. Di Bella
  • I. Krejci
Original Article


The objective of the study was to evaluate the color stability of 8 recently developed resin composites when exposed to various staining agents. Six disc-shaped specimens made out of 8 resin composite materials were immersed in artificial saliva, coffee, coke, tea, orange juice and red wine. The initial color (T0) of the 288 specimens was assessed by a calibrated reflectance spectrophotometer (SpectroShade, MHT) over a black as well as a white background. All specimens were kept in an incubator (INP-500, Memmert GmbH) at 37 °C for 4 weeks. Colorant solutions were changed every 7 days to avoid bacteria or yeast contamination. After 4 weeks of storage in the colorants (T1), spectrophotometric measurements were repeated and ΔE00 was calculated. When analyzed over a white background, the mean ΔE00 values varied from 1.5 (Venus Diamond) to 52.4 (Miris 2). When analyzed over a black background, the mean ΔE00 values varied from 0.8 (Venus Diamond) to 40.0 (ELS). Significant differences were detected when comparing values at T0 and T1 (ΔE00) for both backgrounds (Anova and Fisher’s LSD post hoc test). Resin composite materials do behave in a significantly different way (p value < 0.01) when exposed to various staining solutions.


Composite L* a* b* Staining Spectrophotometer 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© The Society of The Nippon Dental University 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Treatment Plan Unit and Division of Cariology and Endodontology, Clinique Universitaire de Médecine Dentaire (CUMD)University of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Division of Cariology and Endodontology, Clinique Universitaire de Médecine Dentaire (CUMD)University of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  3. 3.Department of Economics and Quantitative MethodsUniversity of GenoaGenoaItaly

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