Journal of Plant Research

, Volume 127, Issue 2, pp 307–313 | Cite as

Flowering cycles of woody bamboos native to southern South America

Regular Paper

Abstract

Neotropical woody bamboos range from northern Mexico to southern Argentina and Chile. The most interesting aspect of bamboo biology is their flowering habit. The species that are the most intriguing are those that manifest a cyclic pattern of gregarious flowering after long vegetative periods. The flowering cycle has been described in very few species. The goal was to identify mass flowering events of woody bamboo species native to Argentina and neighboring areas, and to estimate the flowering cycle of each species. Sixteen species were surveyed: Chusquea culeou, C. deficiens, C. lorentziana, C. montana, C. quila, C. ramosissima, C. tenella, C. valdiviensis; Colanthelia rhizantha; Guadua chacoensis, G. paraguayana, G. trinii; Merostachys clausenii, M. multiramea, Rhipidocladum neumannii and R. racemiflorum. To reconstruct flowering dates, information from literature and herbarium collections was consulted and more than 990 records were gathered. Flowering cycles were estimated by recording the intervals between reported flowering events. Evidence of regular flowering cycles of ca. 30 years was found for most of the species considered. There is a remarkable concentration of flowering cycles about multiples of 15–16 years. Flowering synchrony among different species of woody bamboos was recorded for the first time in South America.

Keywords

Bambuseae Flowering cycles Flowering synchrony Herbarium data Mass flowering events 

Supplementary material

10265_2013_593_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (99 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 99 kb)

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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan and Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Botánica Darwinion (CONICET-ANCEFN)Buenos AiresArgentina

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