Journal of Plant Research

, Volume 125, Issue 4, pp 489–497 | Cite as

Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Passifloraceae sensu lato (Malpighiales) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences

  • Toru TokuokaEmail author
Regular Paper


A phylogenetic analysis of Passifloraceae sensu lato was performed using rbcL, atpB, matK, and 18S rDNA sequences from 25 genera and 42 species. Parsimony analyses of combined data sets resulted in a single most parsimonious tree, which was very similar to the 50% majority consensus tree from the Bayesian analysis. All nodes except three were supported by more than 50% bootstrap. The monophyly of Passifloraceae s.l. as well as the former families, Malesherbiaceae, Passifloraceae sensu stricto, and Turneraceae were strongly supported. Passifloraceae s.s. and the Turneraceae are sisters, and form a strongly supported clade. Within Passifloraceae s.s., the tribes Passifloreae and Paropsieae are both monophyletic. The intergeneric relationships within Passifloraceae s.s. and Turneraceae are roughly correlated with previous classification systems. The morphological character of an androgynophore/gynophore is better used for characterizing genera grouping within Passifloraceae s.s. Other morphological characters such as the corona and aril are discussed.


atpB matK, Passifloraceae Phylogeny rbcL 18S rDNA 



I am grateful to the curators of MO, L, and KYO for their assistance in obtaining the materials used in the study, and Dr. Johannes Lundberg, at Swedish Museum of Natural History, for valuable comments and suggestions on this paper. I also thank two anonymous reviewers. The study was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (20570086).

Supplementary material

10265_2011_472_MOESM1_ESM.xls (31 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLS 31 kb)
10265_2011_472_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (29 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 29 kb)


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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan and Springer 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceShizuoka UniversityShizuokaJapan

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