Journal of Plant Research

, 122:95 | Cite as

Non-monophyly of the woody bamboos (Bambuseae; Poaceae): a multi-gene region phylogenetic analysis of Bambusoideae s.s.

  • Sarawood Sungkaew
  • Chris M. A. Stapleton
  • Nicolas Salamin
  • Trevor R. Hodkinson
Regular Paper

Abstract

The taxonomy of Bambusoideae is in a state of flux and phylogenetic studies are required to help resolve systematic issues. Over 60 taxa, representing all subtribes of Bambuseae and related non-bambusoid grasses were sampled. A combined analysis of five plastid DNA regions, trnL intron, trnL-F intergenic spacer, atpB-rbcL intergenic spacer, rps16 intron, and matK, was used to study the phylogenetic relationships among the bamboos in general and the woody bamboos in particular. Within the BEP clade (Bambusoideae s.s., Ehrhartoideae, Pooideae), Pooideae were resolved as sister to Bambusoideae s.s. Tribe Bambuseae, the woody bamboos, as currently recognized were not monophyletic because Olyreae, the herbaceous bamboos, were sister to tropical Bambuseae. Temperate Bambuseae were sister to the group consisting of tropical Bambuseae and Olyreae. Thus, the temperate Bambuseae would be better treated as their own tribe Arundinarieae than as a subgroup of Bambuseae. Within the tropical Bambuseae, neotropical Bambuseae were sister to the palaeotropical and Austral Bambuseae. In addition, Melocanninae were found to be sister to the remaining palaeotropical and Austral Bambuseae. We discuss phylogenetic and morphological patterns of diversification and interpret them in a biogeographic context.

Keywords

trnL-F atpB-rbcL rps16 matK Bambusoideae Woody bamboos 

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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan and Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarawood Sungkaew
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chris M. A. Stapleton
    • 3
  • Nicolas Salamin
    • 4
  • Trevor R. Hodkinson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Forest Biology, Faculty of ForestryKasetsart UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Department of Botany, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College DublinUniversity of DublinDublin 2Ireland
  3. 3.Royal Botanic Gardens KewRichmondUK
  4. 4.Department of Ecology and Evolution, BiophoreUniversity of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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