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Journal of Plant Research

, Volume 121, Issue 1, pp 3–17 | Cite as

Genome analysis and its significance in four unicellular algae, Cyanidioshyzon merolae, Ostreococcus tauri, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, and Thalassiosira pseudonana

  • Osami Misumi
  • Yamato Yoshida
  • Keiji Nishida
  • Takayuki Fujiwara
  • Takayuki Sakajiri
  • Syunsuke Hirooka
  • Yoshiki Nishimura
  • Tsuneyoshi Kuroiwa
Invited Article

Abstract

Algae play a more important role than land plants in the maintenance of the global environment and productivity. Progress in genome analyses of these organisms means that we can now obtain information on algal genomes, global annotation and gene expression. The full genome information for several algae has already been analyzed. Whole genomes of the red alga Cyanidioshyzon merolae, the green algae Ostreococcus tauri and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, and the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana have been sequenced. Genome composition and the features of cells among the four algae were compared. Each alga maintains basic genes as photosynthetic eukaryotes and possesses additional gene groups to represent their particular characteristics. This review discusses and introduces the latest research that makes the best use of the particular features of each organism and the significance of genome analysis to study biological phenomena. In particular, examples of post-genome studies of organelle multiplication in C. merolae based on analyzed genome information are presented.

Keywords

Algae Genome Organelle Metabolism Photosynthetic organisms 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research A (No. 19207004 to TK), and by grants from Frontier Project “Adaptation and Evolution of Extremophile” (to TK) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan, and from the Program for the Promotion of Basic Research Activities for Innovative Biosciences (PROBRAIN to TK).

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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan and Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Osami Misumi
    • 1
  • Yamato Yoshida
    • 2
  • Keiji Nishida
    • 1
  • Takayuki Fujiwara
    • 1
  • Takayuki Sakajiri
    • 1
  • Syunsuke Hirooka
    • 1
  • Yoshiki Nishimura
    • 3
  • Tsuneyoshi Kuroiwa
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Life Science, Graduate School of ScienceRikkyo UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Integrated Biosciences, Graduate School of Frontier SciencesThe University of TokyoChibaJapan
  3. 3.Institute of Molecular and Cellular BiosciencesThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Research Information Center for ExtremophileRikkyo UniversityTokyoJapan

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