Statistical Methods and Applications

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 51–67 | Cite as

Robustness of Parameter Estimation Procedures in Multilevel Models When Random Effects are MEP Distributed

Original Article


In this paper we examine maximum likelihood estimation procedures in multilevel models for two level nesting structures. Usually, for fixed effects and variance components estimation, level-one error terms and random effects are assumed to be normally distributed. Nevertheless, in some circumstances this assumption might not be realistic, especially as concerns random effects. Thus we assume for random effects the family of multivariate exponential power distributions (MEP); subsequently, by means of Monte Carlo simulation procedures, we study robustness of maximum likelihood estimators under normal assumption when, actually, random effects are MEP distributed.


Hierarchical data ML and REML estimation Multivariate exponential power distribution 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di StatisticaUniversità di Milano-BicoccaMilanoItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche, Aziendali e StatisticheUniversità di MilanoMilanoItaly

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