Statistical Methods and Applications

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 209–222 | Cite as

The two-sided power distribution for the treatment of the uncertainty in PERT

  • José García Pérez
  • Salvador Cruz Rambaud
  • Lina B. García García


The aim of this paper is to include the Two-Sided Power (TSP) distribution in the PERT methodology making use of the advantages that this four-parameter distribution offers. In order to be completely determined, a distribution of this type needs, the same as the beta distribution, a new datum apart from the three usual values a (pessimistic), m (most likely) and b (optimistic). To solve this question, when using the beta distribution in the PERT context, we are looking for the maximum similarity with the normal and so it is required that the distribution has the same variance as the normal or its same kurtosis, giving rise to the constant variance and mesokurtic families, respectively. Nevertheless, while this approach can be only applied to the beta distribution for some values in the range of the standardized mode, in the case of the TSP distribution this methodology leads always to a solution. A detailed analysis comparing the beta and TSP distribution based on their PERT means and variances is presented indicating better results for the second.


Beta TSP distribution PERT mesokurtic constant variance 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • José García Pérez
    • 1
  • Salvador Cruz Rambaud
    • 2
  • Lina B. García García
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de Economía AplicadaUniversity of Almería(Spain)
  2. 2.Departamento de Dirección y Gestión de EmpresasUniversity of Almería(Spain)
  3. 3.Departamento de Métodos Cuantitativos para la Economía y la EmpresaUniversity of Granada(Spain)

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