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Psychological contract differences for different groups of employees: big date analysis from China

  • Weihua Duan
  • Guochao Zhang
  • Zhichuan Zhu
  • Junyan Zhang
Original Article
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Abstract

To find the psychological contract differences for different groups of employees in both enterprise and e-business company, on the basis of cognitive big data investigating 400 employees in China by questionnaire, this study analyzed the main influencing factors and the date collected by mathematical methods. Firstly, based on literature reviews, the authors have proposed hypothesis models, including 7 assumptions. Secondly, based on classical references, the authors have summarized the organizational responsibility items from the employee’s perspective, and have refined 24 items. Then, according to 24 items, a questionnaire has been developed to measure the psychological contract differences for different groups of employees. Lastly, the authors have used 377 valid questionnaires from Chinese enterprises to conduct the ANOVA and T test, and have found that gender, age, education level, and department had significant impacts on employee psychological contract differences. The results can not only be used for finding the psychological contract differences in the enterprise, but also can be implemented for designing the contract of employees in the e-business company.

Keywords

Psychological contract Organizational obligations China Age Gender Education Department 

JEL Classification

M12 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Science Project of Education Department of Jilin Province (JJKH20190754SK, JJKH20190742SK), President’s Special Fund Project of Jilin University of Finance and Economics (XZ2018036), Plan Project of Jilin Education Science Office (GH180275), Jilin Social Science Foundation Project (2018B54), and Jilin Provincial Science and Technology Development Plan Funded Project (20170520050JH).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Weihua Duan
    • 1
  • Guochao Zhang
    • 2
  • Zhichuan Zhu
    • 3
  • Junyan Zhang
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Business AdministrationJilin University of Finance and EconomicsChangchunChina
  2. 2.School of StatisticsJilin University of Finance and EconomicsChangchunChina
  3. 3.School of EconomicsLiaoning UniversityShenyangChina

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