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Dissipative particle dynamics for modeling micro-objects in microfluidics: application to dielectrophoresis

  • Waqas Waheed
  • Anas Alazzam
  • Ashraf N. Al-Khateeb
  • Eiyad Abu-NadaEmail author
Original Paper
  • 108 Downloads

Abstract

The dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) technique is employed to model the trajectories of micro-objects in a practical microfluidic device. The simulation approach is first developed using an in-house Fortran code to model Stokes flow at Reynolds number of 0.01. The extremely low Reynolds number is achieved by adjusting the DPD parameters, such as force coefficients, thermal energies of the particles, and time steps. After matching the numerical flow profile with the analytical results, the technique is developed further to simulate the deflection of micro-objects under the effect of a deflecting external force in a rectangular microchannel. A mapping algorithm is introduced to establish the scaling relationship for the deflecting force between the physical device and the DPD domain. Dielectrophoresis is studied as a case study for the deflecting force, and the trajectory of a single red blood cell under the influence of the dielectrophoretic force is simulated. The device is fabricated using standard microfabrication techniques, and the experiments involving a dilute sample of red blood cells are performed at two different cases of the actuation voltage. Good agreement between the numerical and experimental results is achieved.

Keywords

Dissipative particle dynamics Microfluidics Dielectrophoresis Red blood cells 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This publication is based upon work supported by the Khalifa University of Science and Technology under Award No. [CIRA-2019-014]

Supplementary material

Supplementary material 1 (MP4 16747 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Waqas Waheed
    • 1
  • Anas Alazzam
    • 1
  • Ashraf N. Al-Khateeb
    • 2
  • Eiyad Abu-Nada
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringKhalifa University of Science and TechnologyAbu DhabiUAE
  2. 2.Department of Aerospace EngineeringKhalifa University of Science and TechnologyAbu DhabiUAE

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