Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 291–299 | Cite as

Suture dehiscence and collagen content in the human mitral and tricuspid annuli

  • Immanuel David Madukauwa-David
  • Eric L. Pierce
  • Fatiesa Sulejmani
  • Joshua Pataky
  • Wei Sun
  • Ajit P. YoganathanEmail author
Original Paper


Postoperative suture dehiscence is an important mode of short-term mitral and tricuspid valve (MV, TV) repair failure. We sought to evaluate suture pullout forces and collagen density in human atrioventricular valves for a better understanding of the comparative physiology between the valves and the underlying mechanobiological basis for suture retention. Mitral and tricuspid annuli were each excised from hearts from human donors age 60–79 with no history of heart disease (n = 6). Anchor sutures were vertically pulled until tearing through the tissue. Suture pullout force (FP) was measured as the maximum force at dehiscence. Subsequently, tissue samples from each tested suture position were evaluated for collagen content using a standard hydroxyproline assay. Among all mitral positions, no significant differences were detected among positions or regions with mean FP values falling between 6.9 ± 2.6 N (posterior region) and 10.3 ± 4.7 N (anterior region). Among all tricuspid positions, the maximum FP and minimum FP were 24.0 ± 9.2 N (trigonal region) and 4.5 ± 2.6 N (anterior region). Although for the MV, a given sample’s collagen content had no correlation to its corresponding FP, the same relationship was significant for the TV. Further, the TV exhibited comparable FP to the MV overall, despite a nearly 40% reduction in collagen content. These findings suggest that sutures placed in the trigonal region of the TV have higher pullout force than those placed along other segments of the annuli. Furthermore, there are likely differences in collagen orientation between the mitral and tricuspid annuli, such that collagen content strongly impacts FP in one, but not the other.


Suture dehiscence Collagen Mitral annulus Tricuspid annulus Functional mitral regurgitation Functional tricuspid regurgitation 



This study was partially supported by a fellowship from the National Science Foundation (DGE-1148903: ELP) and Grants from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (HL113216, HL127570 and HL 104080). Additionally, Fatiesa Sulejmani is supported by the Georgia Institute of Technology, Emory University, Peking University Global Biomedical Engineering Research and Education Fellowship. The authors wish to thank Tausif Salim for his assistance with collagen quantification.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10237_2018_1082_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (22.1 mb)
Supplementary Fig. 1 Representative raw force-displacement curves for MV and TV annuli (PDF 22581 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical EngineeringGeorgia Institute of Technology and Emory UniversityAtlantaUSA

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