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Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 947–963 | Cite as

Multiscale evaluation of cellular adhesion alteration and cytoskeleton remodeling by magnetic bead twisting

  • Daniel IsabeyEmail author
  • Gabriel Pelle
  • Sofia André Dias
  • Mathieu Bottier
  • Ngoc-Minh Nguyen
  • Marcel Filoche
  • Bruno Louis
Original Paper

Abstract

Cellular adhesion forces depend on local biological conditions meaning that adhesion characterization must be performed while preserving cellular integrity. We presently postulate that magnetic bead twisting provides an appropriate stress, i.e., basically a clamp, for assessment in living cells of both cellular adhesion and mechanical properties of the cytoskeleton. A global dissociation rate obeying a Bell-type model was used to determine the natural dissociation rate (\(K_\mathrm{off}^0\)) and a reference stress (\(\sigma _c\)). These adhesion parameters were determined in parallel to the mechanical properties for a variety of biological conditions in which either adhesion or cytoskeleton was selectively weakened or strengthened by changing successively ligand concentration, actin polymerization level (by treating with cytochalasin D), level of exerted stress (by increasing magnetic torque), and cell environment (by using rigid and soft 3D matrices). On the whole, this multiscale evaluation of the cellular and molecular responses to a controlled stress reveals an evolution which is consistent with stochastic multiple bond theories and with literature results obtained with other molecular techniques. Present results confirm the validity of the proposed bead-twisting approach for its capability to probe cellular and molecular responses in a variety of biological conditions.

Keywords

Integrin-RGD binding Dissociation rate Multiple bonds Clamp Viscoelastic model 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank Pr. J.B. Grotberg for long and fruitful discussions.

Supplementary material

10237_2015_734_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (156 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (pdf 156 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Isabey
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gabriel Pelle
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sofia André Dias
    • 1
  • Mathieu Bottier
    • 1
  • Ngoc-Minh Nguyen
    • 1
  • Marcel Filoche
    • 1
    • 3
  • Bruno Louis
    • 1
  1. 1.Inserm, U955, Équipe 13, Biomécanique and Appareil Respiratoire: une approche multi-échelle, UMR S955, CNRS, ERL 7240Université Paris Est, UPECCréteil CedexFrance
  2. 2.APHP, Groupe Hospitalier H. Mondor A. Chenevier, Service des Explorations FonctionnellesCréteil CedexFrance
  3. 3.Physique de la Matière Condensée, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRSPalaiseauFrance

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