Use of micro-CT-based finite element analysis to accurately quantify peri-implant bone strains: a validation in rat tibiae

  • Antonia Torcasio
  • Xiaolei Zhang
  • Hans Van Oosterwyck
  • Joke Duyck
  • G. Harry van Lenthe
Original Paper

Abstract

Although research has been addressed at investigating the effect of specific loading regimes on bone response around the implant, a precise quantitative understanding of the local mechanical response close to the implant site is still lacking. This study was aimed at validating micro-CT-based finite element (μFE) models to assess tissue strains after implant placement in a rat tibia. Small implants were inserted at the medio-proximal site of 8 rat tibiae. The limbs were subjected to axial compression loading; strain close to the implant was measured by means of strain gauges. Specimen-specific μFE models were created and analyzed. For each specimen, 4 different models were created corresponding to different representations of the bone–implant interface: bone and implant were assumed fully osseointegrated (A); a low stiffness interface zone was assumed with thickness of 40 μm (B), 80 μm (C), and 160 μm (D). In all cases, measured and computational strains correlated highly (R2 = 0.95, 0.92, 0.93, and 0.95 in A, B, C, and D, respectively). The averaged calculated strains were 1.69, 1.34, and 1.15 times higher than the measured strains for A, B, and C, respectively, and lower than the experimental strains for D (factor = 0.91). In conclusion, we demonstrated that specimen-specific FE analyses provide accurate estimates of peri-implant bone strains in the rat tibia loading model. Further investigations of the bone-implant interface are needed to quantify implant osseointegration.

Keywords

Bone strains μCT based finite element models Rat tibia compression Strain gauge measurements Bone-implant interface 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonia Torcasio
    • 1
  • Xiaolei Zhang
    • 3
  • Hans Van Oosterwyck
    • 1
  • Joke Duyck
    • 3
  • G. Harry van Lenthe
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Biomechanics Section, Department of Mechanical EngineeringK.U.LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.Institute for BiomechanicsETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  3. 3.BIOMAT, Department of Prosthetic DentistryK.U.LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

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