Ocean Dynamics

, Volume 68, Issue 11, pp 1543–1557 | Cite as

Impact of ocean–wave coupling on typhoon-induced waves and surge levels around the Korean Peninsula: a case study of Typhoon Bolaven

  • Ji-Seok Hong
  • Jae-Hong MoonEmail author
  • Taekyun Kim
  • Joon-Ho Lee
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on the 9th International Workshop on Modeling the Ocean (IWMO), Seoul, Korea, 3-6 July 2017


Typhoon-induced waves and surges are important when predicting potential hazards near coastal regions. In this paper, we applied a coupled modeling system for ocean–wave interaction to examine prediction capabilities for typhoon-induced waves and surges around the Korean Peninsula. To identify how ocean–wave coupling impacts wave and surge simulations during typhoon conditions, a set of comparative experiments was performed during Typhoon Bolaven (2012): (1) a fully coupled ocean–wave model, (2) a one-way coupled ocean–wave model without surface current feedback and ocean-to-wave water levels, and (3) a stand-alone ocean model without considering wave-based sea surface roughness (SSR). When coupled with the ocean model, the surface current reduced significantly the wave height on the right-hand side of the advancing typhoon track and improved prediction accuracy along the southern coast of Korea. Compared with the observed surge levels, the simulated surge height yielded improved results for peak height magnitude and timing compared with the uncoupled model. For wave-to-surge feedback, we found that wave-induced SSR plays an important role by modulating wind stress in the surface layer. The modulated wind stress directly affected the surge height, which improved surge peak prediction during the typhoon.


Wave–ocean interaction Sea surface roughness Typhoon Wave energy Storm surge 



We thank the three reviewers who provided important and insightful comments that significantly improved the manuscript.

Funding information

This work was funded by the Korea Meteorological Administration Research and Development Program under Grant KMI2018-07610.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018
corrected publication September/2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ji-Seok Hong
    • 1
  • Jae-Hong Moon
    • 1
    Email author
  • Taekyun Kim
    • 2
  • Joon-Ho Lee
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Earth and Marine Sciences, College of Ocean SciencesJeju National UniversityJejuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Unit of Ice Sheet and Sea Level ChangesKorea Polar Research InstituteIncheonRepublic of Korea

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