Mesoscale dynamics and walleye pollock catches in the Navarin Canyon area of the Bering Sea
Large canyons incise the shelf break of the eastern Bering Sea to be preferred sites of the cross-shelf exchange. The mesoscale eddy activity is particularly strong near the shelf-break canyons. To study the mesoscale dynamics in the Navarin Canyon area of the Bering Sea, the time series of velocities derived from AVISO satellite altimetry between 1993 and 2015, drifters, Argo buoys, and ship-borne data are analyzed. We demonstrate that the strength of anticyclonic eddies along the shelf edge in spring and summer is determined by the wind stress in March–April. The increased southward wind stress in the central Bering Sea forced a supply of low-temperature and low-salinity outer shelf water to the deep basin and formation of the anticyclonic mesoscale circulation seaward of the Navarin Canyon. Enhanced northwestward advection of the Bering Slope Current water leads to increase in an ice-free area in March and April and increased bottom-layer temperature at the outer shelf. The strong (weak) northwestward advection of the eastern Bering Sea waters, determined by eastern winds in spring, creates favorable (unfavorable) conditions for the pollock abundance in the western Navarin Canyon area in summer.
KeywordsBering sea Navarin canyon Mesoscale eddies Chlorophyll a concentration Walleye pollock
We are appreciative of the comments and advice provided by anonymous reviewers that helped to improve this paper.
This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project No. 16–17–10025). The Supplementary material was supported by the POI FEBRAS project No. 117030110034-7.
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