Ocean Dynamics

, Volume 66, Issue 12, pp 1715–1732

Tide-surge and wave interaction in the Gulf of Maine during an extratropical storm


DOI: 10.1007/s10236-016-1002-7

Cite this article as:
Zou, Q. & Xie, D. Ocean Dynamics (2016) 66: 1715. doi:10.1007/s10236-016-1002-7
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on the 14th International Workshop on Wave Hindcasting and Forecasting in Key West, Florida, USA, November 8-13, 2015


The fully coupled spectral wave and circulation model SWAN + ADCIRC was applied to investigate tide-surge and wave interaction in the Gulf of Maine during the extratropical storm on Patriot’s Day of 2007. Significant tide-surge and wave interaction was found over Georges Bank and in the coastal areas. Over Georges Bank, the wave-induced current reached 0.2 m/s at the storm peak, accounting for 17 % of the total depth-averaged current. In Saco Bay, the current was dominated by wave-induced current with a magnitude up to 1.0 m/s during the storm. Two clockwise circulation gyres were found to form and sustain over a period of 26 hours during the storm in the bay. They were driven by spatial variations of wave height, direction and the resulting wave radiation stress gradient. Wave setup reached 0.2 m at the storm peak along the coast of Saco Bay. In Saco Bay, wave energy dissipation was reduced and wave height increased due to the increased water depth at high tide and surge. Therefore, wave height was modulated by tide and surge accordingly along the coast. As a result, wave setup and wave-induced current in the bay were also modulated by tide and surge. During the tidal cycle at the storm peak, wave setup increased with tidal level and the maximum wave setup coincided with high tide.


SWAN ADCIRC The Gulf of Maine Tide-surge Waves Georges Bank Saco Bay Wave induced current 

Funding information

Funder NameGrant NumberFunding Note
Maine Sea Grant and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  • NA10OAR4170072
British Council
  • EFRaCC
National Science Foundation
  • IIA-1355457

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of MaineOronoUSA

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