Ocean Dynamics

, Volume 52, Issue 1, pp 26–35 | Cite as

A simple model of seasonal open ocean convection

Part I: Theory
  • Stefan Rahmstorf


 A simple tutorial model of open-ocean deep convection is presented, based on the seminal box model of Welander. The model is extended to include prognostic variables of the deep box. An approximate analytical solution is found and discussed for a surface forcing which includes a seasonal cycle. The model helps to illustrate, e.g., the basic balances at work in determining the duration of the winter convection season or the rate dependence of the response of convection to surface warming.

Keywords Seasonal convection Stability Box Model Labrador Sea 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefan Rahmstorf
    • 1
  1. 1.Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), PO Box 60 12 03, 14412 Potsdam, Germany e-mail: rahmstorf@pik-potsdam.deDE

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