Treatment of Lignite Mine Water with Lignite Fly Ash and Its Zeolite

  • Bably PrasadEmail author
  • Hemant Kumar
Technical Article


As expected, a zeolite formed from lignite fly ash proved to be far more effective in treating the water from the Neyvelli lignite mines than the fly ash itself. Treatment of mine water at different doses with both materials revealed that the zeolite increased the pH from 2.73 to 8.58 and removed most of the hardness, including the Ca and Mg hardness, as well as the acidity from the mine water. In contrast, the fly ash increased the hardness, Ca, Mg, and sulphate in the mine water. The fly ash was partially effective in removing metals like Mn, Ni, Zn, and Cr. In contrast, increased dosing of lignite fly ash zeolite removed 98.6% of the Mn, 99.94% of the Fe, 96.35% of the Ni, 99.30% of the Cu, 19.15% of the Cd, and 100% of the Zn, Pb, and Cr from lignite mine water. The surface of the lignite fly ash particles were initially covered with loosely attached metals that were released in the acidic water, though due to its alkaline nature, it did partially remove the metals from the mine water.


Fly ash zeolite Acid mine water Batch experiment Cation exchange capacity 

Behandlung von Braunkohlengrubenwasser mit Braunkohlenflugasche und deren Zeolith


Erwartungsgemäß erwies sich zur Behandlung von Grubenwasser aus den Braunkohlengruben von Neyvelli ein aus Braunkohlenflugasche neugebildeter Zeolith als weitaus effektiver als die Flugasche selbst. Wasserbehandlungstests mit beiden Materialien und unter Verwendung variierender Dosierungen ergaben, dass der Zeolith den pH-Wert des Grubenwassers von 2,7 auf 8,6 anhob und den Großteil der Härte, einschließlich der Ca- und Mg-Härte, sowie die Azidität abtrennte. Im Gegensatz dazu führte die Behandlung mit Flugasche zu einer Freisetzung und damit Konzentrationserhöhung von Härte, Ca, Mg und Sulfat. Die alkalische Braunkohlenflugasche war zur Abtrennung von Metallen wie Mn, Ni, Zn und Cr nur bedingt wirksam. Demgegenüber gelang es, bei erhöhter Zeolith-Dosierung 98,6% Mn, 99,9% Fe, 96,4% Ni, 99,3% Cu, 19,2% Cd sowie 100% Zn, Pb und Cr aus dem Grubenwasser zu entfernen.

Tratamiento de agua de una mina de lignito con cenizas volantes de lignito y su zeolita


Tal cual se esperaba, una zeolita formada a partir de las cenizas volantes de lignito mostró ser mucho más eficiente en el tratamiento de agua de las minas de lignito Neyvelli que las cenizas volantes por sí mismas. El tratamiento de agua de mina a diferentes dosis con ambos materiales, mostró que la zeolita incrementó el pH desde 2,7 a 8,6 y removió la mayor parte de la dureza incluyendo Ca y Mg, así como la acidez del agua de mina. En contraste, las cenizas volantes incrementaron la dureza, Ca, Mg y sulfato. Las cenizas volantes, que son alcalinas, fueron parcialmente efectivas en remover metales como Mn,Ni, Zn y Cr. En contraste, la zeolita removió 98,6% de Mn, 99,9% de Fe, 96,4% de Ni, 99,3% de Cu, 19,2% de Cd y 100% de Zn, Pb y Cr del agua de mina.






The authors are grateful to the Ministry of Coal of the Government of India for funding the grant-in-aid project that permitted the investigation. Thanks are due to Dr. Amalendu Sinha, ex-director of the Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, Dhanbad, India for support during the investigation period. We are grateful to Dr. P.K. Singh, Director of Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, Dhanbad, for continuous encouragement and support. We also thank Mr B.B. Palai, Scientist, IMMT Bhubaneswar for providing XRF, XRD, and SEM analysis.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environment Management GroupCentral Institute of Mining and Fuel ResearchDhanbadIndia

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