Spawning grounds and nests of Trachidermus fasciatus (Cottidae) in the Kashima and Shiota estuaries system facing Ariake Bay, Japan
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The spawning grounds of a cottid fish, Trachidermus fasciatus, were investigated off the mouth of the Kashima River in Ariake Bay from January to March, 1996–1999. The nests were found about 1.1–2.3 km off the mouth of the river, where the bottom salinity was 8‰–21‰ at low tides. Oyster shells were mainly found to be used as nests. A male, a pair, a male and egg clusters, a pair and egg clusters, or a female were found inside shells. The average number of guarded egg clusters per male in shells was 1.3 ± 0.4.
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