Review of monophyly of the Kyphosidae (sensu Nelson, 1994), inferred from the mitochondrial ND2 gene
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Girella, Kyphosus, Scorpis, and some other perciform fishes have been regarded as being related to each other. Nelson (1994) recognized them as the subfamilies under the Kyphosidae, but he did not show any synapomorphic characters uniting them. Johnson and Fritzsche (1989) suggested that the perciform group characterized by RLA pattern 10, namely, Girellidae, Kyphosidae (not of Nelson, 1994), Scorpididae, Microcanthidae, Kuhliidae, Arripidae, Oplegnathidae, Terapontidae, and families of the Stromateoidei, form a monophyletic group. We estimated the phylogenetic relationships of fishes of the group to review monophyly of the Kyphosidae (sensu Nelson, 1994) by partially sequencing the mitochondrially encoded NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 gene. Labracoglossa-Scorpis, Oplegnathus, Kyphosus, Kuhlia, Microcanthus, and Girella constituted a single clade with relatively high reliability values for both the neighbor-joining (NJ) and maximum-likelihood (ML) trees, but the monophyly of Kyphosidae (sensu Nelson, 1994) was not supported. The group characterized by RLA pattern 10 formed a monophyletic group both in the NJ and ML trees here; however, additional basal perciform taxa need to be analyzed to resolve it more clearly.
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