A new atherinomorine genus Doboatherina (Atheriniformes: Atherinidae) with a review of included species

  • Daichi Sasaki
  • Seishi KimuraEmail author


The new Indo-Pacific marine atherinid genus Doboatherina is established based on both morphological analysis and molecular-phylogenetic results. Furthermore, four species are described as new to science, and six species are redescribed as members of the new genus. “Atherinavalenciennei, “Atherinawoodwardi, Atherinomorus duodecimalis and Atherinomorus aetholepis are included in the new genus. The former two species had been excluded from the genus Hypoatherina by Sasaki and Kimura (2014) and the latter two species showed genetically close relationship with the former two. The new genus Doboatherina, belonging to the subfamily Atherinomorinae, is defined by the following combination of characters: ascending process of premaxilla somewhat short and blunt, its height 1.5 to 3.3 times the maximum width; premaxilla gradually tapering posteriorly, posterior lateral process small or absent; posterior upper margin of dentary usually with a process; upper posterior limb of dentary with pointed or sharply angular posterior tip; anterior preopercular ridge with a deep notch just above the corner; anus situated anterior to appressed pelvic-fin tip; dorsoventral height of exposed area in midlateral scale row wide, almost equal to the maximum height of the scale, and almost the same height as scales in just above or below midlateral row. The new genus is composed of the following ten species: D. aetholepis (Kimura, Iwatsuki and Yoshino 2002)—from the Gulf of Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea; D. balabacensis (Seale 1910)—restricted to Philippines (neotype designated herein); D. bleekeri (Günther 1861)—occurring in northern Vietnam, China including Taiwan, southern Korea and Japan; D. duodecimalis (Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes 1835)—widely distributed in the Indo-West Pacific, from Comoro Is., Madagascar, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Thailand (Andaman Sea), Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and New Caledonia; D. iwatsukii sp. nov.—occurring in Thailand (both Andaman Sea and Gulf of Thailand) and Vietnam; D. magnidentata sp. nov.—occurring in Gulf of Thailand and Vietnam; D. salangensis sp. nov.—restricted to Thailand (Andaman Sea); D. valenciennei (Bleeker 1854)—occurring in Sri Lanka, Thailand (Gulf of Thailand and Andaman Sea), Vietnam, Malaysia (Sabah), Singapore, and Indonesia; D. woodwardi (Jordan and Starks 1901)—restricted Okinawa Prefecture, Japan; and D. yoshinoi sp. nov.—from Yaeyama Is., Japan and Panay I., Philippines.


Taxonomic review New genus New species Silverside Indo-Pacific Ocean 



We are deeply indebted to K. Hoshino (Oita Marine Palace Aquarium UMITAMAGO, Japan), V. Q. Nguyen (Institute of Marine Environment and Resorudces, Vietnam), T. Peristiwady (Indonesian Institute of Sciences) and U. Satapoomin (Department of Marine and Coastal Resources, Thailand) for donation of specimens to FRLM; to P. Béarez, P. Pruvost and D. Ponton (MNHN) for sharing the COI sequences of the Mayotte specimens; to H. Motomura (KAUM) and U. B. Alama (UPVMI) for donation or loan of tissue samples for DNA analysis, to M. E. Anderson (SAIAB) for his critical comments on an earlier draft of the manuscript and his great help with the English. We express sincere gratitude to V. Q. Nguyen, T. Peristiwady, U. Satapoomin, M. Uchida and other officers and crew of T/V Seisui-maru (Mie University) and students of FRLM for their cooperation in field collections, to I. Kobayashi and staff of Life Science Research Center, Center for Molecular Biology and Genetics (Mie University), for nucleotide sequences. We are most grateful to the following persons and institutions for specimen loans: M. McGrouther (AMS); K.-T. Shao (ASIZ); J. Maclaine (BMNH); H. Endo (BSKU); J. McCosker, D. Catania, and M. Hoang (CAS); T. Nakabo and Y. Kai (FAKU); M. Westneat, M.-A. Rogers, K. Swagel, and S. Mochel (FMNH); H. Motomura; G. Duhamel, P. Pruvost and R. Causse, and Z. H. Gabsi (MNHN); Y. Iwatsuki (MUFS); T. Barsley (NMV); K. Matsuura, G. Shinohara, and M. Nakae (NSMT); M. Toda and K. Miyamoto (OCA); C. Aungtonya (PMBC); M. J. P. van Oijen and R. de Ruiter (RMNH); H.-L. Wu (SFU); V. Vilasri (THNHM); U. B. Alama (UPVMI); T. Yoshino (formerly URM); J. T. Williams, L. Palmer and S. Raredon (USNM); S. Morrison (WAM); M. Hayashi and K. Hagiwara (YCM); P. Bartsch and H. -J. Paepke (ZMB); P. K. L. Ng and K. K. P. Lim (ZRC); K. Sakamoto (ZUMT). This study was supported in part by JSPS (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science) KAKENHI awarded to S. K. (11640696, 14540642, 19570084, 23570114 and 16K07840); and by the Multilateral Cooperative Research Program (Coastal Oceanography), Asian Core Program and Core-to-Core Program of the JSPS. The Vietnamese FRLM specimens were collected with the support of the Institute of Marine Environment and Resources (Hai Phong) and the Ha Long Bay Management Department (Ha Long) and with a permission of use of the specimens by the Biodiversity Conservation Agency, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (Hanoi). The KAUM specimens from the Philippines were collected under a Memorandum of Agreement for joint research made by and among the Department of Agriculture of the Republic of the Philippines (DA), the University of the Philippines Visayas (UPV), the Kagoshima University Museum, the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, and Tokai University, facilitated by S. L. Sanchez [Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR), DA]. P. J. Alcala (DA) provided a Prior Informed Consent Certificate, and I. P. Cabacaba and S. M. S. Nolasco (BFAR, DA) provided a fish specimen Export Certificate (No. 2016-39812).


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© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fisheries Research LaboratoryMie UniversityShimaJapan
  2. 2.Mie Prefecture Fisheries Research InstituteShimaJapan
  3. 3.Graduate School of BioresourcesMie UniversityTsuJapan

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