Ichthyological Research

, Volume 65, Issue 1, pp 92–100 | Cite as

Cryptic genetic divergence in Scolopsis taenioptera (Perciformes: Nemipteridae) in the western Pacific Ocean

  • Ryo KakiokaEmail author
  • Nozomu Muto
  • Hirohiko Takeshima
  • Arnold C. Gaje
  • Ramon S. Cruz
  • Ulysses B. Alama
  • Armi May T. Guzman
  • Rex Ferdinand M. Traifalgar
  • Ricardo P. Babaran
  • Osman Muda
  • Wahidah Mohd Arshaad
  • Sukchai Arnupapboon
  • Kamolrat Phuttharaksa
  • Quan Van Nguyen
  • Thu The Pham
  • Hiroyuki Motomura
  • Fumihito Muto
  • Satoshi Ishikawa
Full Paper


We studied the phylogeny, population structure, and demographic history of Scolopsis taenioptera in the western Pacific Ocean. Using the 80 samples collected from four locations, we obtained the nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I and cytochrome b genes. We identified two distinct lineages showing a clear phylogeographic break that was possibly due to the Pleistocene sea-level change. One lineage was distributed in Iloilo (Philippines) and the other in Terengganu (Malaysia), Rayong (Thailand), and Ha Long Bay (Vietnam). The Terengganu and Rayong populations showed clear signs of demographic expansion; the Iloilo and Ha Long Bay populations were relatively stable or spatially expanded as geographically subdivided populations.


Marine biogeography Coral Triangle Southeast Asia Pleistocene sea-level changes Sunda Shelf 



The authors thank Mahyam M. I., Raja Bidin R. H., M. Katoh, O. Abe (Marine Fishery Resources Development and Management Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia), Seah Y. G., Mazlan A. G. (Universiti Malaysia Terengganu), Aziz A. (Universiti Putra Malaysia), V. Vilasri (Natural History Museum, National Science Museum, Bangkok, Thailand), Chien P.V., Nhan D.V., Chien V.V. (Institute of Marine Environment and Resources, Hai Phong, Vietnam), S. Kimura, Y. Hibino, H. Suzuki (Mie University), M. Nakae, K. Matsuura (National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyo, Japan), H. Imamura (Hokkaido University), T. Yoshida, Jeong B., S. Tashiro (Kagoshima University), A. Takagi, Yap M. and Y. Ogata (Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan; RIHN) for their help in sampling and arrangements. This study was conducted under a Memorandum of Agreement for joint research made by and among the Department of Agriculture of the Republic of the Philippines (DA), University of the Philippines Visayas (UPV), Kagoshima University Museum, RIHN and Tokai University, facilitated by S. L. Sanchez [Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR), DA]. P.J. Alcala (DA) provided a Prior Informed Consent Certificate, and I.P. Cabacaba and S.M.S. Nolasco (BFAR, DA) provided a Fish Specimen Export Certificate (no. 2016-39812). We thank the staff of the Office of the Vice-Chancellor for Research and Extension, UPV, and the UPV Museum of Natural Sciences, College of Fisheries, UPV, including S.S. Garibay, V.G. Urbina, L.H. Mooc, C.J.N. Rubido and E.P. Abunal, and graduate students of the College of Fisheries, UPV for their support of this research collaboration. Malaysian specimens were collected during the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), Tokyo Asian Core Program, ‘Establishment of Research and Education Network on Coastal Marine Science in Southeast Asia’, supported by the Ministry of Higher Education, Putrajaya, Universiti Putra Malaysia and Universiti Malaysia Terengganu. The Thai specimens were collected with the supports of the Training Department, Southeast Fisheries Development Center, Bangkok, and the Eastern Marine and Research Center, Rayong. The Vietnamese specimens were collected with the support of the Institute of Marine Environment and Resources, and the Ha Long Bay Management Department and with a permission of use of the specimens by the Biodiversity Conservation Agency, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Vietnam. This study was supported by the projects ‘Coastal Area Capability Enhancement in Southeast Asia’ of RIHN (no. 14200061) and ‘Biological Properties of Biodiversity Hotspots in Japan’ of the National Museum of Nature and Science, the JSPS Asian Core Program ‘Establishment of Research and Education Network on Coastal Marine Science in Southeast Asia’, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C:26450265) and Young Scientists (B:26840131) from JSPS, the fund for international collaboration (NDT.16 TW/16; VAST04.08/17-18) from the Ministry of Science and Technology, Hanoi, and Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology Grant in Marine Sciences and Technology (VAST 06.04/18-19).

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Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryo Kakioka
    • 1
    • 10
    Email author
  • Nozomu Muto
    • 1
    • 11
  • Hirohiko Takeshima
    • 1
  • Arnold C. Gaje
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ramon S. Cruz
    • 2
  • Ulysses B. Alama
    • 2
  • Armi May T. Guzman
    • 2
  • Rex Ferdinand M. Traifalgar
    • 2
  • Ricardo P. Babaran
    • 2
  • Osman Muda
    • 4
  • Wahidah Mohd Arshaad
    • 4
  • Sukchai Arnupapboon
    • 5
  • Kamolrat Phuttharaksa
    • 6
  • Quan Van Nguyen
    • 7
  • Thu The Pham
    • 7
  • Hiroyuki Motomura
    • 8
  • Fumihito Muto
    • 9
  • Satoshi Ishikawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute for Humanity and NatureKyotoJapan
  2. 2.College of Fisheries and Ocean SciencesUniversity of the Philippines VisayasIloiloPhilippines
  3. 3.College of Arts and SciencesUniversity of the Philippines VisayasIloiloPhilippines
  4. 4.Marine Fishery Resources Development and Management DepartmentSoutheast Asian Fisheries Development CenterKuala TerengganuMalaysia
  5. 5.Training DepartmentSoutheast Asian Fisheries Development CenterPhra Samut ChediThailand
  6. 6.Eastern Marine Fisheries Research and Development CenterRayongThailand
  7. 7.Institute of Marine Environment and ResourcesVietnam Academy of Science and TechnologyHanoiVietnam
  8. 8.The Kagoshima University MuseumKagoshimaJapan
  9. 9.School of Marine Science and TechnologyTokai UniversityShizuokaJapan
  10. 10.Division of Ecological GeneticsNational Institute of GeneticsMishimaJapan
  11. 11.School of Biological SciencesTokai UniversitySapporoJapan

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