A new species of Pempheris (Perciformes: Pempheridae) endemic to the Ogasawara Islands, Japan

Full Paper

Abstract

Pempheris familia sp. nov. is described on the basis of two specimens collected from the Ogasawara Islands, Japan. The new species is most similar to Pempheris japonica Döderlein in Steindachner and Döderlein 1883, endemic to Japanese and Korean waters, in having adherent scales with strong ctenii on the lateral and ventral surfaces of the body, each scale expanded basally and distally due to central narrowing, the abdomen with a U-shaped cross-sectional outline, a large ventral fenestra between the coracoid and cleithrum, 10 dorsal-fin soft rays and 35 or 36 anal-fin soft rays. However, Pempheris familia can be distinguished from P. japonica by the following combination of characters: 84–88 pored lateral-line scales; 14 or 15 scale rows above the lateral line; 50–55 predorsal scales; 26 circumpeduncular scales; and a distinct blackish blotch on the pectoral-fin base. Pempheris familia appears to be endemic to the Ogasawara Islands.

Keywords

Sweeper Taxonomy Morphology New species Coral reefs 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are especially grateful to S. Chiba (National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries), K. Kuriiwa and E. Katayama (NSMT), and T. Yoshida and S. Tashiro (KAUM) for their help in field collections and examination of specimens. We also thank N. Kachi and K. Hata (Tokyo Metropolitan University), K. Maruta (Bureau of Industrial and Labor Affairs Tokyo Metropolitan Government), S. Kokubu (Tokyo Metropolitan Ogasawara Island Branch Office) and N. Inagaki (Ogasawara Fisheries Cooperative) for their encouragement and permission for fish collection. We also thank H. Senou (KPM) for the loan of P. japonica specimens, H. Hata (KAUM) for references and advice on the manuscript and G.S. Hardy (Ngunguru, New Zealand) for help with English. This study was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science for JSPS Fellows (PD 26-477); JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP26241027, JP24370041, JP23580259 and JP26450265; the JSPS Core-to-Core Program: B Asia–Africa Science Platforms; the “Coastal Area Capability Enhancement in Southeast Asia Project” of the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan; the “Biological Properties of Biodiversity Hotspots in Japan” project of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Tsukuba, Japan; and the “Establishment of Research and Education Network on Biodiversity and Its Conservation in the Satsunan Islands” project of Kagoshima University adopted by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan.

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Copyright information

© The Ichthyological Society of Japan 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Kagoshima University MuseumKagoshimaJapan
  2. 2.National Museum of Marine Biology and AquariumPingtungTaiwan

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